Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers

General Information

Description

Study the composition, structure, and other physical aspects of the Earth. May use geological, physics, and mathematics knowledge in exploration for oil, gas, minerals, or underground water; or in waste disposal, land reclamation, or other environmental problems. May study the Earth's internal composition, atmospheres, oceans, and its magnetic, electrical, and gravitational forces. Includes mineralogists, crystallographers, paleontologists, stratigraphers, geodesists, and seismologists.

Workplace at a Glance

What you can expect to experience while on the job

  • Responsibility
  • Exposure to job hazards
  • Physical activity
  • Decision making
  • Repetitiveness
  • Level of competition
  • Time pressure

Industry areas

  • Architectural, Engineering, and Related Services
  • Oil and Gas Extraction
  • Management, Scientific, and Technical Consulting Services

Job Outlook

Employment of geoscientists is projected to grow 6 percent from 2018 to 2028, as fast as the average for all occupations. The need for energy, environmental protection, and responsible land and resource management is projected to spur demand for geoscientists. Employment of geoscientists in the professional, scientific, and technical services industry, where most of them work, is projected to increase modestly. This growth will offset smaller losses in the mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction industry, the second-largest employer of geoscientists. Geoscientists will be involved in discovering and developing sites for alternative energies, such as geothermal energy and wind energy. For example, geothermal energy plants must be located near sufficient hot ground water, and one task for geoscientists would be evaluating if the site is suitable.

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Salary

Average Salary

Salary

$91,130

State-by-state Salary

Gray states indicate no data available

$124,580
$53,380
No Information for this section

Education

Most Common Education Levels

People in this career achieve this level of education.

  • Bachelor's degree 50%
  • Master's degree 25%
  • Doctoral degree 12%
  • Post baccalaureate 4%
  • Post-doctoral training 4%
  • Post-master's certificate 4%
  • High school 0%
  • Some college 0%
  • Associate's degree 0%
  • Less than high school 0%
  • First professional degree 0%
  • Post-secondary certificate 0%

Knowledge

  • Geography
  • Mathematics
  • Physics
  • Chemistry
  • English Language

Skills at a Glance

Skills helpful in this career

  • Verbal skills
  • Critical thinking & problem solving
  • Equipment operation & maintenance
  • Math & science skills
  • Technology design & control
  • Leadership
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