Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers

General Information

Description

Study the composition, structure, and other physical aspects of the Earth. May use geological, physics, and mathematics knowledge in exploration for oil, gas, minerals, or underground water; or in waste disposal, land reclamation, or other environmental problems. May study the Earth's internal composition, atmospheres, oceans, and its magnetic, electrical, and gravitational forces. Includes mineralogists, crystallographers, paleontologists, stratigraphers, geodesists, and seismologists.

Business Breakdown

People in this career work in these sectors.

  1. Private, for profit52.94%
  2. State and local government22.44%
  3. Federal government12.85%
  4. Self-employed8.17%
  5. Private, not for profit3.44%

Workplace at a Glance

What you can expect to experience while on the job

  • Responsibility
  • Exposure to job hazards
  • Physical activity
  • Decision making
  • Repetitiveness
  • Level of competition
  • Time pressure

Industry areas

  • Architectural, Engineering, and Related Services
  • Oil and Gas Extraction
  • Management, Scientific, and Technical Consulting Services

Job Outlook

Employment of geoscientists is projected to grow 14 percent from 2016 to 2026, faster than the average for all occupations. The need for energy, environmental protection, and responsible land and resource management is projected to spur demand for geoscientists. Many geoscientists work in oil and gas extraction and related engineering services and consulting firms. Demand for their services in these industries will be dependent on the demand for the exploration and development of oil and gas wells. New technologies, such as horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing, allow for the extraction of previously inaccessible oil and gas resources, and geoscientists will be needed to study the effects such technologies have on the surrounding areas. Geoscientists will be involved in discovering and developing sites for alternative energies, such as geothermal energy and wind energy. For example, geothermal energy plants must be located near sufficient hot ground water, and one task for geoscientists would be evaluating if the site is suitable.

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Salary

Average Salary

Salary

$91,900

State-by-state Salary

Gray states indicate no data available

$124,580
$53,380
No Information for this section

Education

Most Common Education Levels

People in this career achieve this level of education.

  • Bachelor's degree 50%
  • Master's degree 25%
  • Doctoral degree 12%
  • Post baccalaureate 4%
  • Post-doctoral training 4%
  • Post-master's certificate 4%
  • High school 0%
  • Some college 0%
  • Associate's degree 0%
  • Less than high school 0%
  • First professional degree 0%
  • Post-secondary certificate 0%

Knowledge

  • Geography
  • Mathematics
  • Physics
  • Chemistry
  • English Language

Skills at a Glance

Skills helpful in this career

  • Verbal skills
  • Critical thinking & problem solving
  • Equipment operation & maintenance
  • Math & science skills
  • Technology design & control
  • Leadership
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