Military Career

General Information


Physicians who specialize in oncology/hematology examine patients, diagnose blood and other malignancies, and recommend treatment protocols. They provide various types of treatments including radiation therapy, chemotherapy, blood transfusions, and bone marrow transplants. Oncologists and hematologists work closely with specialized nurses, pharmacists, dietitians, social workers, laboratory scientists, and physicians from other disciplines — like surgery, pathology, diagnostic radiology, nuclear medicine, radiation, and psychiatry. Military oncologists and hematologists typically work in military hospitals or clinics.

Work Environment

Oncologists/hematologists work in hospitals and clinics on land and aboard ships.

Comparable Industries

  • Offices of Physicians
  • General Medical and Surgical Hospitals
  • Federal Executive Branch (OES Designation)
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Military Outlook

Service Branches

Jobs in this career field may be available in other service branches. Call or email a particular branch for more info.

  • Army
  • Marine Corps
  • Navy
  • Air Force
  • Coast Guard

Military Status

  • Officer
    • Managerial/professional
    • College degree required

Military Workforce

Oncologists/Hematologists in the Military


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Average Salary


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Military training

Officers typically enter the Military after they have completed a four-year college degree; enlisted service members can transition to officer positions through a variety of pathways and earn a degree while serving. Job training for oncologists/hematologists primarily consists of on-the-job learning in various training environments. Scholarships for advanced medical training are available in return for an obligated period of military service. Qualifying students benefit through unique training experiences and get to attend certain military short courses designed to develop tactical, technical and operational skills unique to the military environment. Like other officers working in healthcare, they complete a comprehensive training program covering responsibilities, orientation to military structure, healthcare and etiquette, traditions, and leadership development.

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